What Is Postmodernism in Religion?

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Postmodernism Definition

Postmodernism is a philosophy that says absolute truth does not exist. Supporters of postmodernism deny long-held beliefs and conventions and maintain that all viewpoints are equally valid.

In today's society, postmodernism has led to relativism, the idea that all truth is relative. That means what is right for one group is not necessarily right or true for everyone. The most obvious example is sexual morality. Christianity teaches that sex outside of marriage is wrong. Postmodernism would claim that such a view might pertain to Christians but not to those who don't follow Jesus Christ; therefore, sexual morality has become much more permissive in our society in recent decades. Taken to extremes, postmodernism argues that what society says is illegal, such as drug use or stealing, is not necessarily wrong for the individual.

Five Main Tenets of Postmodernism

Jim Leffel, a Christian apologist, and director of The Crossroads Project outlined the primary tenets of postmodernism in these five points:

  1. Reality is in the mind of the beholder. Reality is what's real to me, and I construct my own reality in my mind.
  2. People are not able to think independently because they are defined—“scripted,” molded—by their culture.
  3. We cannot judge things in another culture or another person’s life, because our reality may be different from theirs. There is no possibility of “transcultural objectivity.”
  4. We are moving in the direction of progress, but are arrogantly dominating nature and threatening our future.
  5. Nothing is ever proven, either by science, history, or any other discipline.

Postmodernism Rejects Biblical Truth

Postmodernism's rejection of absolute truth causes many people to reject the Bible. Christians believe God is the source of absolute truth. Jesus Christ proclaimed himself to be the Truth: "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me." (John 14:6, NIV).

Not only do postmodernists deny Christ's claim to be the truth, but they also dismiss his statement that he is the only way to heaven. Today Christianity is ridiculed as arrogant or intolerant by those who say there are "many paths to heaven." This view that all religions are equally valid is called pluralism.

In postmodernism, all religion, including Christianity, is reduced to the level of opinion. Christianity asserts that it is unique and that it does matter what we believe. Sin exists, sin has consequences, and anyone ignoring those truths has to face those consequences, Christians say.

Pronunciation of Postmodernism

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Also Known As

Post Modernism


Postmodernism denies that absolute truth exists.





Story, D. (1998), Christianity On the Offense, Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications)

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Zavada, Jack. "What Is Postmodernism in Religion?" Learn Religions, Sep. 4, 2021, learnreligions.com/what-is-postmodernism-700692. Zavada, Jack. (2021, September 4). What Is Postmodernism in Religion? Retrieved from https://www.learnreligions.com/what-is-postmodernism-700692 Zavada, Jack. "What Is Postmodernism in Religion?" Learn Religions. https://www.learnreligions.com/what-is-postmodernism-700692 (accessed June 10, 2023).