Indian Arts and Culture Sikhism What Are the Five Evils? Share Flipboard Email Print Indian Arts and Culture Origins Sacred Scriptures Life and Culture Baby Names By Sukhmandir Khalsa Sikhism Expert Sukhmandir Kaur is a Sikh author, educator, and the president of Dharam Khand Sikh Academy. our editorial process Sukhmandir Khalsa Updated May 02, 2019 In Sikhism, homai, or ego, is considered to be the primary cause of evil-doing. Five elements of ego are basic drives and motivators of the body and intellect. Ego's inner dialogue capable of enslaving the soul in illusory pursuits of Maya, miring it in material distractions. Excessive volume of ego's voices results in separation from the divine, and perpetuating vice resulting in harmful, even demonic, acts. Ego's volume may be reduced with focus on spiritual practice, and selfless service. When ego is subdued, the soul's achieves humility and realizes its inherent relationship with the divine. Kaam - Lust Getty The voice of Kaam, or lust, depending on the volume, can manifest as rational, or irrational, to serve, or enslave, the soul: In Sikhism the ethical voice of desire to procreate is sanctioned by the Anand Karaj matrimonial ceremony.Indulging the voice of lustful desire may take the form of recreational pursuit outside of marriage and result in unwanted pregnancy, abortion, children born out of wedlock, divorce, and breakdown of the family unit.An excessive increase in volume of the inner voice of kaam can drown the voice of reason to inflame desire resulting in the desecration of morality and abject licentious behavior, perversion, promiscuity, prostitution and rape. Krodh - Anger Photo © [Courtesy Pricegrabber] The voice of Krodh, or anger, depending on the volume, can manifest as rational, or irrational, to serve, or enslave, the soul: Reasonable anger can manifest in assertive or protective behavior and righteous protest.Indulging the voice of krodh can easily trigger rage resulting in hurtful and harmful behavior.An excessive increase in volume of the inner voice of krodh can drown the voice of reason inflaming passions and resulting in murder. Lobh - Greed Getty Images The voice of Lobh, or greed, depending on the volume, can manifest as rational, or irrational, to serve, or enslave, the soul: An ethical voice inspires honest labor to provide necessities and comfort.Indulging the voice of greed can lead to an excessive appetite for food, money, or power, resulting in gluttony, and even addictive gambling.The excessive voice of inflamed greed can override the voice of result in obsessive coveting if material possessions and theft. Moh - Attachment Photo © [Magictorch / Getty Images] The voice of Moh, or attachment, depending on the volume, can manifest as rational, or irrational, to serve, or enslave, the soul: Ethical attachment to spiritual pursuits, devotion, meditation, and selfless service enriches the soul.Indulging attachment to family and home and professional pursuits results in the neglect of spiritual life.Excessive attachment to Moh results in addiction and enslavement to substances, fashion, money, pleasure, power, fame and other illusive worldly pursuits, and desires in disregard for spiritual life. Ahnkar - Pride Getty The voice of Ahnkar, or pride, depending on the volume, can manifest as rational, or irrational, to serve, or enslave, the soul: A reasonable ethical voice of pride inspires dignity, honor and self-esteem and self-respect.Indulging the voice of pride can result in self-importance, arrogance, competitiveness, smugness, and self-conceit.The voice of excessive pride can result in self-gratification subjecting others to submission, servitude, and slavery. Five Elements of Evil and the Number 5 in Gurbani Photo © [S Khalsa] What is the significance of the number 5 in Gurbani and how does it relate to the Five Evils?