Indian Arts and Culture Hinduism War Goddesses of the Ancient World Share Flipboard Email Print Hinduism Hindu Gods India Past and Present Important Texts Temples and Organizations Indian Arts and Culture Hindu Gurus and Saints By N.S. Gill Ancient History and Latin Expert M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota B.A., Latin, University of Minnesota N.S. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. our editorial process N.S. Gill Updated March 06, 2017 While in the ancient world, most of the fighting was done by men, there was occasionally a woman who made her mark militarily. Likewise, while most of the war gods were male, there were also war goddesses, some of whom doubled as love and fertility goddesses. 01 of 21 Agasaya SemiticSemitic war goddess who was combined with Ishtar. She is called "The Shrieker."Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 02 of 21 Anahita Possibly Anahita with Ardashir I and Shapur. From Sarab-e Qandil, vicinity of Kazerun, Fars province, Iran, May 2009. CC Flickr User dynamosquito Persian, Chaldean, Iranian, and possibly SemiticAs well as being a war goddess, Anahita is the Persian water goddess, fertility goddess, and patroness of women. She drives a 4-horse chariot with the horses representing wind, rain, clouds, and sleet. She is tall, beautiful, and wears a golden crownSources:"Anāhitā and Alexander," by William L. Hanaway, Jr. Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 102, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1982), pp. 285-295.Dictionary of Ancient Deities, by Patricia Turner, Charles Russell Coulter. 03 of 21 Anath SemiticWest Semitic love and war goddess, associated with Baal.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica 04 of 21 Andraste CelticCeltic Britain war god honored by Boudicca.Source: "Omens and Celtic Warfare", by Ellen Ettlinger. Man, Vol. 43, (Jan. - Feb., 1943), pp. 11-17. 05 of 21 Ankt EgyptSpear-carrying war goddess.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 06 of 21 Anouke EgyptElder war goddess with bow and arrows, as well as a shuttle.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 07 of 21 Ashtart Canaanite Journal of Near Eastern Studies , Vol. 14, No. 1, Henri Frankfort Memorial Issue (Jan., 1955). 08 of 21 Athena Athena at the Carnegie Museum. CC Flickr User Sabbath Photography Greece Multi-faceted virgin goddess. Goddess of wisdom, crafts, and warfare. 09 of 21 Badb CelticIrish Celtic war goddess who takes part in battle. Assumes raven shape. Also Morrigan.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 10 of 21 Bellona RomeRoman war goddess who accompanied Mars into battle. Wears helmet, and carries a spear and torch.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 11 of 21 Enyo GreeceGreek horror and war goddess, sometimes daughter of Ares. Associated with Bellona.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 12 of 21 Eshara ChaldeanChaldean war goddess.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 13 of 21 Inanna SumerLove fertitlity and war goddess. Most important Sumerian goddess.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 14 of 21 Ishtar Lion frieze, Ishtar Gate, Pergamon Museum, Berlin. CC Flickr User Rictor Norton & David Allen Babylonia/Assyrian Love, fertility and war goddess, associated with a lion. Carries a staff known as a harpe that was, once, a weapon. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin , New Series, Vol. 10, No. 7 (Mar., 1952), pp. 211-216. 15 of 21 Korrawi TamilAlso called Katukilal. War and victory goddess.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 16 of 21 Menhit Egypt"She Who Slaughters." Lion and war goddess.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 17 of 21 Minerva The Roman goddess Minerva at Corbirdge. CC Flickr User Alun Salt. Rome Multi-faceted virgin goddess. Goddess of wisdom, crafts, and warfare. 18 of 21 Nanaja SumerSumerian and Akkadian goddess of sex and war.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica. 19 of 21 Neith Hieroglyph for Neith. CC Flickr User pyramidtextsonline. Egypt Southwestern Journal of Anthropology , Vol. 4, No. 1 (Spring, 1948), pp. 1-30. 20 of 21 Sakhmet Sskhmet. CC Flickr User unforth. EgyptDestructive lioness-headed Egyptian goddess associated with war and vengeanceSources:Encyclopedia Mythica."The King of Egypt's Grace before Meat," by A. M. Blackman. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 31, (Dec., 1945), pp. 57-73. 21 of 21 Zroya SlavonicVirgin war goddess associated with the storm god Perun.Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.