Vedic Math essentially rests on the 16 Sutras, or mathematical formulas, as referred to in the Vedas. Sri Sathya Sai Veda Pratishtan has compiled these 16 Sutras.

## The 16 Sutras of Vedic Math

*Ekadhikina Purvena*

(Corollary: Anurupyena)**Meaning:**By one more than the previous one*Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah*

(Corollary: Sisyate Sesasamjnah)**Meaning:**All from 9 and the last from 10*Urdhva-Tiryagbyham*

(Corollary: Adyamadyenantyamantyena)**Meaning:**Vertically and crosswise*Paraavartya Yojayet*

(Corollary: Kevalaih Saptakam Gunyat)**Meaning:**Transpose and adjust*Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye*

(Corollary: Vestanam)**Meaning:**When the sum is the same that sum is zero*(Anurupye) Shunyamanyat*

(Corollary: Yavadunam Tavadunam)**Meaning:**If one is in ratio, the other is zero*Sankalana-vyavakalanabhyam*

(Corollary: Yavadunam Tavadunikritya Varga Yojayet)**Meaning:**By addition and by subtraction*Puranapuranabyham*

(Corollary: Antyayordashake'pi)**Meaning:**By the completion or non-completion*Chalana-Kalanabyham*

(Corollary: Antyayoreva)**Meaning:**Differences and Similarities*Yaavadunam*

(Corollary: Samuccayagunitah)**Meaning:**Whatever the extent of its deficiency*Vyashtisamanstih*

(Corollary: Lopanasthapanabhyam)**Meaning:**Part and Whole*Shesanyankena Charamena*

(Corollary: Vilokanam)**Meaning:**The remainders by the last digit*Sopaantyadvayamantyam*

(Corollary: Gunitasamuccayah Samuccayagunitah)**Meaning:**The ultimate and twice the penultimate*Ekanyunena Purvena*

(Corollary: Dhvajanka)**Meaning:**By one less than the previous one*Gunitasamuchyah*

(Corollary: Dwandwa Yoga)**Meaning:**The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product*Gunakasamuchyah*

(Corollary: Adyam Antyam Madhyam)**Meaning:**The factors of the sum is equal to the sum of the factors