Ramayana Character Map: People and Places in the Great Hindu Epic

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The Ramayana is a Robust Hindu Epic that features several characters and important locations.

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The most endearing Hindu epic of all times — the Ramayana is replete with enchanting people and places. To learn about the epic's protagonists and locations, start browsing through this directory of the who’s who of the Ramayana legend — from Ahalya to Vibhishana and Ashoka-van to Sarayu. 

Ramayana Characters from Ahalya to Jatayu

Garuda & Hanuman are two major zoomorphic characters of the Ramayana.


  • Ahalya: Wife of sage Gautama, who was turned into a stone and was later freed from the curse by the touch of Rama.
  • Bharata: Brother of Rama and son of Kaikeyi.
  • Dasharatha: Rama's father and King of Kosala.
  • Dashanan: Ten-headed King of Lanka (Ravana).
  • Garuda: The mighty mythical raptor; King of winged creatures.
  • Gautama: Sage/Rishi who cursed her wife Ahalya and turned her into a stone for her immoral conduct.
  • Hanuman: Son of Pavana--the wind God; Devotee of Rama and a leading warrior among the monkey tribe.
  • Indrajit: Ravana's son who fought Rama with magical powers.
  • Jambuvan: Leader of bears who found Sita with his supernatural powers.
  • Janaka: King of Mithila; Father of Sita, who found her in a furrow.
  • Jatayu: a Great bird who was killed by Ravana while rescuing Sita.

Ramayana Characters from Kaikeyi to Nala

Lakshmana or Laxman sitting with Rama in a discussion with the Vanaras before their Lanka conquest.


  • Kaikeyi: Dashartha's youngest queen and mother of Bharata who asked for Rama's exile.
  • Kausalya: Dashratha's queen and Rama's mother.
  • Kevat: Boatman who let Rama, Laxman, and Sita cross the river in his boat and who washes Rama's feet.
  • Khar: Brother of Ravana and Shurpanakha.
  • Kumbhkarna: Ravan's brother, known for sleeping and eating.
  • Kush: Son of Rama and Sita.
  • Laxman: Queen Sumitra's son and Rama's brother; also known as Lakshmana.
  • Lava or Luv: Son of Rama and Sita; brother of Kush.
  • Mandavi: Bharat's wife and King Janak's daughter.
  • Manthara: Maidservant of Keikeyi, who convinced her for Bharat's thorn and exile of Rama.
  • Maricha or Mareech: Assumed form of suvarna mriga, or golden deer, and helped abduct Sita.
  • Meghanad: Ravana's son, who made Laxman unconscious in the battlefield with his arrow.
  • Nala: Son of a great builder who helped Rama construct the famous bridge to Lanka.

Ramayana Characters from Rama to Sushen

Sita in captivity in Lanka.


  • Rama: The main protagonist of the Ramayana-- an avatar of Lord Vishnu; the prince of Ayodha, son of King Dasharatha of Kosala.
  • Ravana: Ten headed King of Lanka, who abducted Sita; brother of Vibhishana and Surpanakha; father of Indrajit; husband of Mandodari.
  • Sampati: Brother of Jatayu.
  • Shatrughna: Rama's younger brother.
  • Shabari: Devotee of Rama who offered him berries.
  • Shatananda: Head Priest or kul Guru of Mithila.
  • Shiva: The Lord of Destruction--part of the Hindu Trinity of Gods, whose bow was lifted by Rama in the swayamvar of Sita.
  • Shravan: Son of blind parents; known as an idol of service to parents.
  • Shrutkirti: Shatrughna's wife and King Janak's daughter.
  • Shurpanakha: Ravan's sister whose ears and nose were cut by Laxman.
  • Sita: Daughter of Janaka and wife of Rama.
  • Sugriva: King of monkey tribe and King of Kiskindha.
  • Sumanta: Charioteer of King Dasharatha.
  • Sumitra: Wife of Dashratha; Mother of Laxman and Shatrughna.
  • Sunayana: Wife of King Janak; Mother of Sita.
  • Sushen: Lankan physician, who advised Sanjivani herbs from Kailas mountain in order to cure Laxman.

Ramayana Characters from Tataka to Vishwamitra

Sage Vishwamitra being seduced by Menaka.


  • Tataka: Demoness or rakshasi killed by Rama; mother of Mareecha.
  • Tulsidas: Sanskrit scholar and poet who created Ramacharitmanas, a version of Valmiki Ramayana in local Avadhi language.
  • Urmila: Laxman's wife; daughter of King Janak and sister of Sita.
  • Vali or Bali: The mighty ape, cousin of Sugriva, who occupied Kiskindha and was killed by Rama.
  • Valmiki: The great poet and creator of Ramayana; Sage who helped Sita and her two sons Lava-Kush stay at her ashrama.
  • Vanara: Monkey; The army led by Hanuman. A hill tribe of Southern India – according to the Ramayana.
  • Vasistha: Head priest or kul Guru of Ayodhya
  • Vibhishana: Ravana's brother who leaves Lanka to join Rama and later becomes the king of Lanka.
  • Vishnu: Lord of Preservation – part of the Hindu Trinity of Gods; Rama is considered the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
  • Vishwamitra: Sage or rishi, who used Rama to kill troubling demons.

13 Places in the Ramayana

The Great Battle of Lanka: Rama annihilates Ravana.


  1. Ayodhya: Capital city of Kosala which was rules by Rama's father, Dashratha.
  2. Ashoka van: A place in Lanka where Ravana kept Sita after the abduction.
  3. Chitrakoot or Chitrakut: Forest place where Rama, Sita, and Laxman stayed during exile.
  4. Dandakaranya: Forest where Rama, Sita, and Laxman traveled during exile.
  5. Godavari: River, crossing which Rama, Sita, and Laxman reached Panchavati.
  6. Kailash: Mountain where Hanuman found sanjivani; Abode of Lord Shiva.
  7. Kiskindha: Kingdom ruled by Sugriva, leader of monkey tribe.
  8. Kosala: Kingdom ruled by Dashratha.
  9. Mithila: Kingdom ruled by king Janaka, Sita's father.
  10. Lanka: Island kingdom ruled by demon king Ravana.
  11. Panchavati: Rama, Sita and Laxman's forest hut, from where Sita was abducted by Ravana.
  12. Prayag: Confluence of river Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati (presently known as Allahabad).
  13. Sarayu: River on the banks of which Ayodhya is situated.
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Your Citation
Das, Subhamoy. "Ramayana Character Map: People and Places in the Great Hindu Epic." Learn Religions, Aug. 27, 2020, learnreligions.com/the-ramayana-character-map-1770175. Das, Subhamoy. (2020, August 27). Ramayana Character Map: People and Places in the Great Hindu Epic. Retrieved from https://www.learnreligions.com/the-ramayana-character-map-1770175 Das, Subhamoy. "Ramayana Character Map: People and Places in the Great Hindu Epic." Learn Religions. https://www.learnreligions.com/the-ramayana-character-map-1770175 (accessed June 5, 2023).