Indian Arts and Culture Sikhism Sikhism and the Afterlife Share Flipboard Email Print James May/SuperStock/Getty Images Indian Arts and Culture Origins Sacred Scriptures Life and Culture Baby Names By Sukhmandir Khalsa Sikhism Expert Sukhmandir Kaur is a Sikh author, educator, and the president of Dharam Khand Sikh Academy. our editorial process Sukhmandir Khalsa Updated April 09, 2019 Sikhism teaches that the soul reincarnates when the body dies. Sikhs do not believe in an afterlife that is either heaven or hell; they believe that good or bad actions in this life determine the life form into which a soul takes rebirth. At the time of death, demonic ego-centered souls may be destined to suffer great agonies and pain in the dark underworld of Narak. A soul fortunate enough to achieve grace overcomes ego by meditating on God. In Sikhism, the focus of meditation is to remember the divine Enlightener by calling out the name "Waheguru," either silently or aloud. Such a soul may attain liberation from the cycle of reincarnation. The emancipated soul experiences salvation in Sachkhand, the realm of truth, it exists eternally as an entity of radiant light. Bhagat Trilochan, an author of Guru Granth Sahib scripture, writes on the subject of the afterlife, that at the time of death the final thought determines how one reincarnates. The soul takes birth in accordance with what the mind last remembers. Those who dwell on thoughts of riches or worries about wealth are born again as serpents and snakes. Those who dwell on thoughts of carnal relations are born into brothels. Those who remember their sons and daughters are born as a pig to become a sow birthing a dozen or more piglets with each pregnancy. Those who dwell on thoughts of their houses or mansions, take the form of a ghostly goblin type specter haunting houses remembered. Those whose final thoughts are of the divine, merge eternally with the Lord of the Universe to dwell forever in the abode of radiant light. Translated Sikh Statement on the Afterlife Ant kaal jo lachhamee simarai aisee chintaa meh jae maraiAt the final moment, whom so ever remembers wealth, and dies with such thoughts... Sarap jon val val aoutaraiis reincarnated as the serpent species over and over again. AAree baa-ee gobid naam mat beesarai || rehaao ||O sister, do not ever forget the Name of the Universal Lord. ||Pause|| nAnt kaal jo istree simarai aisee chintaa meh jae maraiAt the final moment, whom so ever remembers relations with women and dies with such thoughts... Baesavaa jon val val aoutaraiis reincarnated as a courtesan over and over again. tAnt kaal jo larrikae simarai aisee chintaa meh jae maraiAt the final moment, whom so ever remembers children, and dies with such thoughts... Sookar jon val val aoutharaiis reincarnated as a swine over and over again. Ant kaal jo mandar simarai aisee chinthaa meh jae maraiAt the final moment, whom so ever remembers houses, and dies with such thoughts... Praet jon val val aoutaraiis reincarnated as a ghost over and over again. kAnt kaal naaraa-in simarai aisee chintaa meh jae maraiAt the final moment, whom so ever remembers the Lord, and dies with such thoughts... Badat Tilochan tae nar mukataa peetanbar vaa kae ridai basaiSaith Trilochan, that person is liberated and the yellow robed Lord abides in that one's heart."