Satanic Infernal Names of Biblical and Hebraic Origin

Lucifer, the fallen angel, illustration to Paradise Lost, book IX, 179–187

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The following list discusses the "Infernal Names" of the Satanic Bible of LaVeyan Satanism that have a Biblical or Hebraic origin.

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Abaddon means "destroyer". In the Book of Revelations, he rules over the creatures that will torment all men without the seal of God upon their head, and he is the one that will bind Satan for a thousand years. He is the angel of death, destruction, and of the bottomless pit.

In the Old Testament, the word is used to mean a place of destruction and is associated with sheol, the shadowy Jewish realm of the dead. Milton's Paradise Regained likewise uses the term to describe a place.

As early as the third century, Abaddon was also described as a demon and possibly equated with Satan. Magical texts such as the Greater Key of Solomon also identify Abaddon as demonic.

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According to Kings in the Bible, Adramalech was a Samarian god to whom children were sacrificed. He is sometimes compared to other Mesopotamian deities, including Moloch. He is included in demonographical works as an arch-demon.

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The Book of Revelations specifies that Apollyon is the Greek name for Abaddon. Barrett's The Magus, however, lists both demons as distinct from one another.

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Meaning "creature of judgment," Asmodeus may have roots in a Zoroastrian demon, but he appears in the Book of Tobit, the Talmud, and other Jewish texts. He is associated with lust and gambling.

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The Book of Enoch reports that Azazel was a leader of rebellious giants who taught men how to wage war and taught women how to make themselves more attractive. Theistic Satanists commonly associate Azazel with enlightenment and a source of forbidden knowledge.

In the Book of Leviticus, two sacrificial goats are offered to God. The choice one is sacrificed while the other is sent to Azazel as a sin offering. "Azazel" here might refer to a location or a being. Either way, Azazel is connected with wickedness and impurity.

Jewish and Islamic lore both tell of Azazel being an angel that refused to bow down to Adam as per God's command.

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The Book of Judges uses this term to describe the primary god in an area known as Shechem. The name literally means "God of the Covenant," although covenant here would refer to a political arrangement between the Jews and Shechem, not the covenant between the Jews and God. Some sources link the figure with Beelzebub. He was later listed as a demon in Christian demonology.

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The Biblical and Talmudic Balaam is a non-Israelite prophet who conspires against the Israelites. In the Book of Revelations, Peter and Jude associate him with greed and avarice, and LaVey makes him a devil.

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Commonly translated as "Lord of the Flies," he was a local Canaanite deity mentioned in the Old Testament (often as Baal Zebub, with "baal" meaning "lord"). He also gained several New Testament Biblical mentions, where he is described not as a pagan god but specifically as a demon and equated with Satan.

In occult texts, Beelzebub is generally understood to be a very high-ranking demon in Hell, and at least one source states that he actually overthrew Satan, who in turn now battles to get back his position.

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The Book of Job uses the term to describe a giant beast, possibly the greatest beast alive. It might be seen as the land equivalent of the Leviathan (a monstrous sea creature, discussed below), and one Jewish legend states that the two beats will fight and kill each other at the end of the world, at which point humanity will feed upon their flesh. William Blake created an image of Behemoth that resembled an elephant, which may be why LaVey describes it as the "Hebrew personification of Lucifer in the form of an elephant."

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Multiple Biblical references mention Chemosh as the god of the Moabites.

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Leviathan is the one name duplicated on the list of infernal names and the four great princes of hell.

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Lilith was originally a Mesopotamian demon who made her way into Jewish lore. She is mentioned only once in passing in the Bible, but she is fleshed out in later sources, particularly folk tradition. A 10th-century source, The Alphabet of Ben Sira, tells us that Lilith was Adam's first wife who insists on equality between the couple and refuses to submit to him. Refusing to return to him, she becomes a demonic source of death for children.

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The Book of Jubilees and other Jewish sources describe Mastema as a being functioning similarly to the Old Testament Satan, testing and tempting humanity with the full permission of God while leading demons who carry out similar tasks.

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While LaVey describes him as the "Aramaic god of wealth and profit," Mammon is known of only in the Bible, where he seems to be a personification of wealth, riches, and greed. In the Middle Ages the name was used for a demon representing those same qualities, particularly when those riches are ill-gotten.

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Naamah is mentioned in Kabbalah as one of Samael's four lovers, a mother of demons, an afflicter of children, and a great seducer of both men and demons. She is a fallen angel and a succubus. Along with Lilith, another of Samael's lovers, they tempted Adam and bore monstrous children who became plagues to humankind.

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Samael, also spelled Sammael, is the chief of the satans, the adversaries of man directed by God, an accuser, seducer, and destroyer. He is also described as an angel of death.

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Your Citation
Beyer, Catherine. "Satanic Infernal Names of Biblical and Hebraic Origin." Learn Religions, Apr. 5, 2023, Beyer, Catherine. (2023, April 5). Satanic Infernal Names of Biblical and Hebraic Origin. Retrieved from Beyer, Catherine. "Satanic Infernal Names of Biblical and Hebraic Origin." Learn Religions. (accessed June 8, 2023).