Islam on the Afterlife

What does Islam teach about the Day of Judgment, Heaven, and Hell?

Waterfall of the river Landro in the eucalyptus forest of Chavin
Waterfall of the river Landro in the eucalyptus forest of Chavin, the oldest in Europe. Descriptions of heaven in the Quran include gardens with waterfalls and rivers. Xulio Villarino/Cover/Getty Images

Islam teaches that after we die, we will be raised up again for judgment by Allah. On the Day of Judgment, all people will either be rewarded with eternity in Heaven, or punished with eternity in Hell. Learn more about how Muslims view sin and the afterlife, heaven and hell.

Day of Judgment

Among Muslims, the Day of Judgment is also known as Yawm Al-Qiyama (The Day of Reckoning). It is a day when all beings are raised to life again to face judgment and learn their fate.


The ultimate goal of all Muslims is to be rewarded with a place in Heaven (Jannah). The Quran describes Heaven as a beautiful garden, close to Allah, filled with dignity and satisfaction.


It would be unfair of Allah to treat believers and disbelievers the same; or to reward those who do good deeds the same as wrong-doers. The fire of Hell awaits those who reject Allah or cause mischief on the earth. Hell is described in the Quran as a miserable existence of constant suffering and shame.

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Huda. "Islam on the Afterlife." Learn Religions, Aug. 26, 2020, Huda. (2020, August 26). Islam on the Afterlife. Retrieved from Huda. "Islam on the Afterlife." Learn Religions. (accessed March 27, 2023).