Indian Arts and Culture Sikhism 3 Golden Rules of Sikhism: Tenets and Fundamental Principles Share Flipboard Email Print Westend61 / Getty Images Indian Arts and Culture Origins Sacred Scriptures Life and Culture Baby Names By Sukhmandir Khalsa Sikhism Expert Sukhmandir Kaur is a Sikh author, educator, and the president of Dharam Khand Sikh Academy. our editorial process Sukhmandir Khalsa Updated February 17, 2019 The 3 Golden Rules of Sikhism originated with Guru Nanak. Sikhism has its beginnings in northern Panjab in the late 15th Century. Nanak Dev, the first guru, was born to a Hindu family and showed a deep spiritual nature from early childhood. As he matured and became absorbed in meditation, he questioned Hindu rituals, idolatry, and the rigidity of the caste system. His closest companion, a minstrel named Mardana, came from a Muslim family. They traveled together extensively for more than 25 years. Nanak sang hymns he composed in devotion of one God. Mardana accompanied him by playing the Rabab, a stringed instrument. Together they developed and taught three fundamental principles: 1. Naam Japna Remembering God through meditation all times of day and night during each and every activity. 2. Kirat Karo Earning a livelihood by means of earnest, honest efforts and endeavors: 3. Vand Chakko Selflessly serving others, sharing income and resources including foodstuffs or other goods.