3 Golden Rules of Sikhism: Tenets and Fundamental Principles

Sikh temple

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The 3 Golden Rules of Sikhism originated with Guru Nanak. Sikhism has its beginnings in northern Panjab in the late 15th Century. Nanak Dev, the first guru, was born to a Hindu family and showed a deep spiritual nature from early childhood. As he matured and became absorbed in meditation, he questioned Hindu rituals, idolatry, and the rigidity of the caste system.

His closest companion, a minstrel named Mardana, came from a Muslim family. They traveled together extensively for more than 25 years. Nanak sang hymns he composed in devotion of one God. Mardana accompanied him by playing the Rabab, a stringed instrument. Together they developed and taught three fundamental principles:

1. Naam Japna 

Remembering God through meditation all times of day and night during each and every activity.

2. Kirat Karo 

Earning a livelihood by means of earnest, honest efforts and endeavors:

3. Vand Chakko 

Selflessly serving others, sharing income and resources including foodstuffs or other goods.