Meet Eve: First Woman, Wife, and Mother of All the Living

Eve Bible Character
Adam and Eve Cast Out of Garden of Eden. Culture Club / Contributor / Getty Images

Eve was the first woman on earth, first wife, and the first mother. She is known as the "Mother of All the Living." And even though these are remarkable accomplishments, little else is known about Eve. Moses’ account of the first couple is remarkably sparse, and we must assume God had a reason for that lack of detail. Like many noteworthy mothers, even though Eve's accomplishments were significant, for the most part, they were not mentioned.

All About Eve

In chapter two of the book of Genesis, God decided it would be good for Adam to have a companion and helper. Causing Adam to fall deeply asleep, God took one of his ribs and used it to form Eve. God called the woman ezer, which in Hebrew means "help." Adam named the woman Eve, meaning "life," referring to her role in the procreation of the human race.

So, Eve became Adam's companion, his helper, the one who would complete him and share equally in his responsibility for the creation. She, too, was made in God's image, displaying a portion of the characteristics of God. Together, Adam and Eve alone would fulfill God's purpose in the continuation of creation. With Eve, God brought human relationship, friendship, companionship, and marriage into the world.

It’s worth noting that God apparently created Adam and Eve as adults. In the Genesis account, both immediately possessed language skills that allowed them to communicate with God and each other. God made his rules and desires perfectly clear to them. He held them responsible.

Eve's only knowledge had come from God and Adam. At that point, she was pure in heart, created in the image of God. She and Adam were naked but not ashamed.

Eve had no knowledge of evil. She could not suspect the serpent’s motives. However, she did know she was required to obey God. Even though she and Adam had been put over all the animals, she chose to obey an animal rather than God.

We tend to be sympathetic toward Eve – inexperienced, naive – but God had been clear. Eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil and you will die. What is often overlooked is that Adam was with her when she was being tempted. As her husband and protector, he was responsible for intervening.

Eve's Bible Accomplishments

Eve is the mother of humankind. She was the first woman and first wife. While her accomplishments are remarkable, not much is revealed about her in Scripture. She arrived on the planet without mother and father. She was made by God as a reflection of his image to be a helper to Adam. They were to tend the Garden of Eden, the perfect place to live. Together they would fulfill God's purpose of populating the Earth.

Eve's Strengths

Eve was made in the image of God, specially designed to serve as a helper to Adam. As we learn in the account after the fall, she bore children, assisted only by Adam. She carried out the nurturing duties of a wife and mother with no example to guide her.

Eve's Weaknesses

Eve was tempted by Satan when he deceived her into doubting God's goodness. The serpent urged her to focus on the one thing she couldn't have. She lost sight of all of the pleasurable things God had blessed her within the Garden of Eden. She became discontented, feeling sorry for herself because she could not share in God's knowledge of good and evil. Eve allowed Satan to subvert her trust in God.

Although she shared a close relationship with God and her husband, Eve failed to consult either of them when confronted with Satan's lies. She acted impulsively, independent of her authority. Once entangled in sin, she invited her husband to join her. Like Adam, when Eve was confronted with her sin, she blamed someone else (Satan), instead of taking personal responsibility for what she had done.

Life Lessons

We learn from Eve that women share in God's image. Feminine qualities are part of the character of God. God's purpose for creation could not be fulfilled without the equal participation of "womankind." Just like we learned from Adam's life, Eve teaches us that God wants us to choose him freely, and to follow and obey him out of love. Nothing we do is hidden from God. Likewise, it does not benefit us to blame others for our own failings. We must accept personal responsibility for our actions and choices.


Eve began her life in the Garden of Eden but was later expelled.

References to Eve in the Bible

Genesis 2:18-4:26; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:13.


Wife, mother, companion, helper, and co-manager of God's creation.

Family Tree

Husband: Adam
Children: Cain, Abel, Seth, and many more children.

Key Eve Bible Verses

Genesis 2:18

Then the Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper who is just right for him.” (NLT)

Genesis 2:23

“At last!” the man exclaimed.
“This one is bone from my bone,
and flesh from my flesh!
She will be called ‘woman,’
because she was taken from ‘man.’”


  • Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
  • Life Application Study Bible
  • ESV Study Bible
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Your Citation
Fairchild, Mary. "Meet Eve: First Woman, Wife, and Mother of All the Living." Learn Religions, Aug. 26, 2020, Fairchild, Mary. (2020, August 26). Meet Eve: First Woman, Wife, and Mother of All the Living. Retrieved from Fairchild, Mary. "Meet Eve: First Woman, Wife, and Mother of All the Living." Learn Religions. (accessed May 24, 2022).

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