Christian Science Church Beliefs and Practices

Christian Science Beliefs
Church of Christ, Scientist, Headquarters, Boston, Massachusetts. joe daniel price / Getty Images

Christian Science is distinct from other Christian denominations in its teaching that matter does not exist. All is spiritual. Therefore, sin, sickness, and death, which appear to have physical causes, are instead only states of mind. Sin and sickness are treatable by spiritual means: prayer.

Let's look now at some of the basic tenets of the Christian Science faith:

Christian Science Beliefs

Baptism: Baptism is the spiritual purification of daily life, not a sacrament.

The Bible: The Bible and Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, by Mary Baker Eddy, are the two key texts of the faith.

The tenets of Christian Science read:

"As adherents of Truth, we take the inspired Word of the Bible as our sufficient guide to eternal Life."

Communion: No visible elements are necessary to celebrate The Eucharist. Believers practice silent, spiritual communion with God.

Equality: Christian Science believes women are equal to men. No discrimination is made among races.

God: The unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit is Life, Truth, and Love. Jesus, the Messiah, is divine, not a deity.
Golden Rule: Believers strive to do unto others as they would have others do unto them. They work to be merciful, just, and pure.​​

The tenets of Christian Science read:​

"And we solemnly promise to watch, and pray for that Mind to be in us which was also in Christ Jesus; to do unto others as we would have them do unto us; and to be merciful, just, and pure.​"​

Heaven and Hell: Heaven and hell exist not as places or as parts of the afterlife but as states of mind. Mary Baker Eddy taught that sinners make their own hell by doing evil, and saints make their own heaven by doing right.
Homosexuality: Christian Science promotes sex within marriage. However, the denomination also avoids judging others, affirming the spiritual identity each person receives from God.

Salvation: Man is saved through Christ, the promised Messiah. By his life and works, Jesus shows the way to man’s unity with God. Christian Scientists affirm the virgin birth, crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ as evidence of divine love.

Christian Science Practices

Spiritual Healing: Christian Science sets itself apart from other denominations by its emphasis on spiritual healing. Physical illness and sin are states of mind, correctable through properly applied prayer. While believers routinely refused medical care in the past, recently relaxed guidelines allow them to choose between prayer and conventional medical treatment. Christian Scientists turn first to the church’s practitioners, trained people who pray for members, often from a great distance. 

Believers hold that, as with the healings of Jesus, distance makes no difference. In Christian Science, the object of prayer is spiritual understanding.
The Priesthood of Believers: The church has no ordained ministers.
Services: Readers lead Sunday services, reading aloud from the Bible and from Science and Health. Lesson sermons, prepared by the Mother Church in Boston, Massachusetts, give insight into prayer and spiritual principles.


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Your Citation
Zavada, Jack. "Christian Science Church Beliefs and Practices." Learn Religions, Aug. 27, 2020, Zavada, Jack. (2020, August 27). Christian Science Church Beliefs and Practices. Retrieved from Zavada, Jack. "Christian Science Church Beliefs and Practices." Learn Religions. (accessed March 26, 2023).