Abrahamic / Middle Eastern Christianity Baptist Church Denomination Overview of the Baptist Church Denomination Share Flipboard Email Print Fotosearch / Getty Images Christianity Denominations of Christianity Christianity Origins The Bible The New Testament The Old Testament Practical Tools for Christians Christian Life For Teens Christian Prayers Weddings Inspirational Bible Devotions Funerals and Memorial Services Christian Holidays Christian Entertainment Key Terms in Christianity Catholicism Latter Day Saints View More By Mary Fairchild Christianity Expert General Biblical Studies, Interdenominational Christian Training Center Mary Fairchild is a full-time Christian minister, writer, and editor of two Christian anthologies, including "Stories of Cavalry." our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Mary Fairchild Updated June 25, 2019 Number of Worldwide Members The Baptist denomination is the largest free church denomination in the world with 43 million members across the globe. In America, the Southern Baptist Convention is the largest American Baptist Organization, with more than 16 million members in approximately 40 thousand churches. Baptist Church Founding The Baptists trace their origins to John Smyth and the Separatist Movement beginning in England in 1608. In America, several Baptist congregations came together in Augusta, Georgia, in 1845 to form the largest American Baptist organization: the Southern Baptist Convention. Prominent Baptist Church Founders John Smyth, Thomas Helwys, Roger Williams, Shubael Stearns. Geography More than 3/4 of all Baptists (33 million) live in America. 216,00 live in Britian; 850,000 live in South American; and 230,000 live in Central America. In the former USSR, Baptists comprise the largest protestant denomination. Baptist Church Governing Body Baptist denominations follow a congregational church governance in which each individual congregation is governed autonomously, free from the direct control of any other body. Sacred or Distinguishing Text The Bible. Notable Baptists Martin Luther King Jr., Charles Spurgeon, John Bunyan, Billy Graham, Dr. Charles Stanley, Rick Warren. Baptist Church Beliefs and Practices A primary Baptist distinction is their practice of adult believer's baptism, rather than infant baptism. Sources: ReligiousTolerance.org, ReligionFacts.com, AllRefer.com, and the Religious Movements Web site of the University of Virginia.